Ultrasound of peripheral nerves: an article suggestion

Traumatic injury to limb peripheral nerves represents an important cause of morbidity and disability. Timely diagnosis and treatment are crucial to optimizing outcomes. Ultrasound (US) is a low cost, non-invasive, effective test to diagnose traumatic injuries to limb peripheral nerves. It adds important anatomic-pathological information, crucial to fully characterize the type of injury—clinically suspected and electrodiagnostically confirmed—and to plan the appropriate treatment, conservative or surgical. A thorough knowledge of anatomy and expertise in analyzing nerve structures are essential to obtain high-quality ultrasonographic exams. The article of Visalli et al. (2018) offers a nice review regarding this matter. Technical aspects with key considerations for optimization are discussed. A brief comparative evaluation between US and MRI is also provided.